Oct 292010

by Anura Guruge

Statistical analysis of the 24 cardinal designates named on October 20 for the November 20, 2010 consistory.
The trivia on the 24 named on October 20 for the November 20, 2010 cardinal creating consistory.
Consistory Central for the November 20, 2010 consistory.

Domenico Bartolucci

Domenico Bartolucci: click for YouTube Video

As of April 15, 1962, per John XXIII’s (#262) Cum gravissima motu proprio, all cardinals are required to be consecrated as bishops, unless an explicit exception is granted by the pope, typically on the grounds of advanced age; i.e., approaching or over 80.

This requirement for episcopal consecration is now embodied in Canon 351 §1 of the 1983 Code of Canon Law.

Since this requirement went into effect, as of 1962, about eleven cardinals were granted exceptions. Of these, American Cardinal Deacon Avery Dulles, a Jesuit, created in 2001, who died on December 12, 2008, age 90, probably been the best known. Czechoslovakian Cardinal Tomáš Špidlík, another Jesuit, who died on April 16, 2010, also at 90 was another. He was created a cardinal deacon in 2003. For complete list please click << here >>.

The 4 non-bishop cardinals as of November 20, 2010 consistory

The current cardinals who are not bishops are:

1. Italian Cardinal Deacon Roberto Tucci (89 years old), a Jesuit, a one time Director General of Radio Vatican, created on February 21, 2001, two months ahead of his 8oth birthday.

2. French Cardinal Deacon Albert Vanhoye, (87 years old) a Jesuit and academic, created on March 24, 2006, at the age of 82.

3. Spanish Cardinal Deacon Urbano Navarrete Cortés, (90 years old) also another Jesuit and academic, created on November 24, 2007, at the age of 87.

Two of those named on October 20, to be created on November 20, 2010, as cardinals were not bishops, viz. the German Walter Branmüller (81), President Emeritus of the Pontifical Committee for Historical Sciences and Domenico Bartolucci (93), Maestro Emeritus of the Cappella Musicale Pontificia Sistina.

Walter Brandmuller

Walter Brandmuller

Today, it was announced that Walter Branmüller will be consecrated a bishop on Saturday, November 13, 2010 (exactly a week ahead of the consistory), in Rome’s S. Maria dell’Anima by 77 year old, Salesian Cardinal Raffaele Farina, Archivist and Librarian of the Holy Roman Church as of June 25, 2007. [Farina has not been a bishop for long, having only been consecrated in December 2006, when 73, eleven months prior to being created a cardinal deacon.] There is a very slight touch of incongruity about the logistics of this consecration. Given that he is a cardinal presumptive and a compatriot, one would have thought that the pope would have consecrated him, personally, at St. Peter’s. The important thing, however, is that he will be a bishop prior to the consistory.

So that leaves the elderly and rather conservative Domenico Bartolucci as the only one of the 24 new cardinals that will not be a bishop.

Oct 242010

by Anura Guruge

Statistical analysis of the 24 cardinal designates named on October 20 for the November 20, 2010 consistory.

That the Sri Lankan, Albert Malcolm Ranjit Patabendige Don, independent of my personal geographic bias, has to be considered given his standing as the ‘Very Tanned Ratzinger’ is now already a done deal — thanks, albeit partly, to this post. Since I let this genie out of the bottle, I guess I will have to include him in my final list, even if it is at #10. Lot to cogitate here and I know I will get plenty of input on this one. He would, indubitably, be #3 in what has now being a very long chain, in terms of years — and that might be too much for many. But, the flip side. That would appeal to quite a few in what is an increasingly conservative and aging College. [It is the US tea party movement all over again, though he need to come up with a more apt name, the ‘Gdansk Groupies‘?]

Amato, Koch and Ravisi the three new next pope possibles being looked at by Anura Guruge

I still will not budge from my thesis that the next pope will not be from the US, Germany, Poland or an African country. Also I am reluctant, at least right now, to consider anybody close to or above 75. So that rules out many.

Damasceno Assis, the only Latin American contender (who meets my criteria), seems insipid. I could be wrong. But, we have better contenders from Latin America already.

I agree with most. This was not exactly a very inspiring group to begin with.

There are only two names I am left with to kick around. I know lots of you will disagree. But, I need to look and the pros and cons. I could, as ever, be wrong, but I get a feeling that ‘compromise’ might be the watchword at the next conclave. Hence, even Patabendige Don. If you have a Swiss on deck, it is crazy not to consider him, if you are looking for European compromises. Hence, Kurt Koch.

Angelo Amato, by all accounts, is popular. Benedict XVI (#266), by naming him first, has given him a BIG NOD. He has a high profile curial post. He can grant ‘favors’ to countries and thus other cardinals. [Read between the lines. Causes of the Saints.] He is the only ‘young’ Italian in this crop that elicits a second look.

[[Following a comment from ‘Peter’ I am also adding Gianfranco Ravisi to my list to kick around. Thank YOU, Peter.]]

Not saying that these two will make my 2011 cut. But, they will be considered. All input greatly appreciated. Thank you.

Oct 232010

by Anura Guruge

For the list of 24 names announced for the Saturday, November 20, 2010 consistory, in the order announced.
For the TRIVIA on the 24 cardinal designates named.
Consistory Central for November 20, 2010 cardinal creating consistory.
Scroll down the blog for many posts related to this announcement including latest papabile. Check the comments.

The 24 cardinal designates named by Benedict XVI (#266) on October 20, 2010, ordered by age.
[Key: ‘AgeY’ & ‘AgeM’ =age in years and months as of November 20, 2010. ‘AgeCr’ = age when created. ‘Stat.’ = status; A=Archbishop, Ap=Archpriest, C=curial, E=Emeritus (retired) and O=other]

Anura Guruge table of the 24 new cardinals that will be created at the November 20, 2010 consistory by Pope Benedict XVI.
Analysis of ages, geography and occupation by Anura Guruge

Anura Guruge analysis of the 24 new cardinals that will be created by pope Benedict XVI at the November 20, 2010 consistory.

Oct 232010

by Anura Guruge

Rome Reports‘ claims to be a private and independent international TV news agency based in Rome, Italy, specializing in covering the Pope and the Vatican. With its ethnically diverse and talented team of journalists, producers, cameramen and editors, the agency instantly offers the latest news from Rome as well as a half-hour Weekly Newsprogram. Everyday broadcast stations around the world aim to keep their audiences informed on the latest from the Catholic Church.

Non-white cardinals named by Benedict XVI for the November 20, 2010 cardinal creating consistory.Last night I found a 3:13 minute video clip by them, on Google news, reporting on the 24 cardinal designates named by the pope on Wednesday, October 20 for the November 20, 2010 cardinal creating consistory.

Early in the report they use the word ‘NOTEWORTHY’ to identify just some of those named. These are ALL WHITE. So the implication is that the others, i.e., the non-whites, including the Archbishop of Sri Lanka, are not noteworthy. That is scandalous. All 24 are noteworthy by definition!

Also look carefully. None of the three black and one brown (or very tanned) archbishops are shown. That is insulting. [Yes, they show Cardinal Arinze, in passing, but he wasn’t one of those named.]

They have a video clip of Burke in his curial capacity.

Well, damn it, Ranjith Don was in Rome, working for the curia, twice, between 2001 – 2004 and 2005 – 2009. During all those years they never got a video clip of him in Rome. Yes, I understand, painfully, that we don’t come out too good in videos because of the light-balance of video cameras are optimized for light skin tones. But, to not show him, or any of the three black designates is beyond the pale.

Now do YOU understand why I blow a minor gasket when people tell me, as in the comment posted here yesterday, that color doesn’t matter. It does. Especially in Rome. I know. I used to visit Italy, at least once a year, to SKI. (What else is there to do in Italy?) They are nice enough, especially the ladies, but they notice skin color.

Yes, I know that this is not official, but it clearly reflects how Rome thinks. Yes, that upsets me.

So watch and listen CAREFULLY. Sri Lanka is not mentioned. It is just dismissed as an Asian country. Yes, neither are the three African countries with BLACK Archbishops. Naguib, the Egyptian is shown, but he is hardly tanned.

The video mentions the 121 electors … and then later on say that only 120 can participate in a conclave without bothering to explain what happens to today’s extra ’12th man.’

There closing statement about ‘any unmarried Catholic’ being eligible to be pope is DEAD WRONG. Read THE BOOK. That is a Catholic fairy tale.

I don’t have the stomach to watch this damn travesty again … but can YOU listen carefully when they state the number of cardinals created by Benedict XVI. Do they say ’60’? Please let me know. The number after the November 20 consistory will be 62.

Here is the 3:13 minute video clip. Please watch: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h2aqT4iYzpY&feature=player_embedded

Please scroll down this blog for all the posts related to the October 20 announcement and the November 20, 2010 consistory. You might also find all the comments illuminating. Thank you.

Oct 212010

by Anura Guruge

For the list of 24 names announced for the Saturday, November 20, 2010 consistory, in the order announced.
Consistory Central for November 20, 2010 cardinal creating consistory.
Scroll down the blog for many posts related to this announcement including latest papabile. Check the comments.

  • Two of the named were born on New Year’s day, January 1 — albeit 8 years apart; Estepa Llaurens (in 1926) and Vela Chiriboga (in 1934).
    [When created they will be the only cardinals born on that special day.]
  • Five of the named [21%] are born in September, though none on the same day or year, the years ranging from 1934 to 1953. These five being: Sardi (1), Piacenza (15), De Paolis (19), Marx (21) & Mazombwe (24).
    [When these 5 join the ranks, we will have 23 cardinals born in September. But, those born in March pip this by 3. April as well as May only have 10.]
  • Two of the named have the first name ‘Paolo‘, viz. Romeo & Sardi.
    [When they become cardinals, we will have 6 cardinals who are ‘Paul‘, but only three who are ‘Peter‘.]
  • When Amato, the first named, becomes a cardinal deacon we will have 5 angels in the College, Sodano the oldest and Comastri the youngest.
  • German Reinhard Marx, dob: Sept. 21, 1953, will become the youngest cardinal, 453 days younger than the hitherto youngest, Hungarian Peter Erdö, dob: June 25, 1952.
Oct 212010

by Anura Guruge

Just in case you didn’t know, I am a Sri Lankan by birth, though I left in August 1967, a week prior to my 14th birthday. I became a Brit in 1983. I have had very little contact with Sri Lanka over the last 30 years. I last visited in 1992, for 72 hours, accompanying my mother’s body from Paris. Yes, my father was the Sri Lankan ambassador to France and the U.S.A. I do NOT know Ranjith. This Summer I did send him an e-mail asking him whether he could help me when we were trying to sort out precedence among the Cardinal Bishops. He never responded. I gather that that is par for the course with him. [The Web master of the archdiocese Web site, who knows me, sent me the ‘correct’ e-mail address.] I have corresponded, gainfully, with the prior Archbishop, who has been friends with my father for 60 years. So that is my disclaimer.

Albert Malcolm Ranjith Patabendige Don, the 'Very Tanned Ratzinger'

Albert Malcolm Ranjith Patabendige Don, the 'Very Tanned Ratzinger'

Since early October I was getting calls and e-mails about Ranjith Don’s elevation. If you read the comments posted on this blog you will find a lively debate as to the pros and cons of Ranjith Don’s elevation. You will even see that a couple of Sri Lankan’s ‘shamed’ Father John into including his name in the top picks though there was much skepticism by many.

Yes, already the calls and e-mails have started, as soon as it was announced that he will indeed be created a cardinal at the November 20, 2010, cardinal creating consistory. I am, of course, delighted. [But, I won’t bother to send him a congratulatory e-mail.]

So here is my take on the pros and cons of his papabile status:

Albert Malcolm Ranjith Patabendige Don as The Next Pope by Anura Guruge

Albert Malcolm Ranjith Patabendige Don as The Next Pope by Anura Guruge

Oct 212010

by Anura Guruge

Numerous posts (and even more comments) have been posted as of the October 20 announcement of the November 20, 2010 cardinal creating consistory — Consistory 2010. Please scroll down through the blog to see them all. Also, please do not forget Consistory 2010 Central set up here on October 5, 2010.

Archbishop Paolo Sardi, currently Vice Camerlengo

Archbishop Paolo Sardi, currently Vice Camerlengo

Italian Archbishop Paolo Sardi [dob Sept. 1, 1934] the 8th named cardinal-presumptive on October 20, for the November 20, 2010 consistory, has been the Pro-Patron of the Sovereign Military and Hospitaller Order of St. John of Jerusalem of Rhodes and of Malta (‘Order of Malta’) — an ancient Christian Military Order ‘descended’ from the famed Knights Hospitallers (of the Holy Land during the crusades) that is known for its humanitarian medical care work.
[The ‘Pro-‘ means acting or temporary and will disappear when Sardi becomes a cardinal, the Patron post typically only assigned to cardinals.]

Paolo Sardi, however, is also the Vice-Camerlengo of the Holy Roman Church [i.e., the deputy to the Camerlengo who becomes the chief executive during a sede vactante].

The Vice-Camerlengo is #2 in the Apostolic Camera, which is headed up the Camerlengo. As with the Camerlengo, the Vice-Camerlengo is appointed (sans an election) by the pope.

But, by tradition the Vice-Camerlengo is not a cardinal. There is a good reason for this. In the days when the Holy See ruled the Papal States (and Rome), the Vice Camerlengo was invariably the Governor of Rome. In this capacity, one of his tasks was to control access to the conclave from the outside.

This is a function that the Vice-Camerlengo is still expected to perform. While the Camerlengo is inside the conclave, acting as the ‘Ring Master in Chief,’ the Vice-Camerlengo is supposed to be outside the doors monitoring and controlling those who enter the conclave. Yes, enter the conclave. At a minimum, the Master of Papal Liturgical Ceremonies and his two Masters of Ceremonies enter the conclave prior to the start of each (up to 2 ballots) voting session to conduct the pre-voting religious rituals and to hand out the ballot papers. So, contrary to what most think, the doors to the Sistine are not sealed shut during a conclave. [Page 192 ‘The Next Pope’ book.]

Here is a post I wrote this May that talks about the Camerlengo, Vice-Camerlengo and Major Penitentiary in the context of a conclave. Read it if you want more details, especially since another of the cardinal-presumptives, Italian Archbishop Fortunato Baldelli [dob Aug. 6, 1935] has been the Major Penitentiary since June 2, 2009.

I made a quick comment on a vice-Camerlengo being named a cardinal last night, and Louis Epstein, who of late has been very active on this blog, responded as follows. So, I will conclude with Louis’ comment, since he says it all: Yes,the text of my cardinalabili file actually cites Sardi’s holding the office of vice-camerlengo as an argument against his being elevated … despite his being named to a job that expects a cardinal (pro-Prefects may be a thing of the past,but pro-Patrons are not). Yet the Vatican bulletin on the announcement listed his non-cardinalitial job and not his cardinalitial one. I expect he will step down as vice-camerlengo on the day of his elevation, as da Costa Nunes (1880-1976) did in 1962. Perhaps the most notable vice-camerlengo however was Ettore Cunial, who was born in November 1905 and retained the job from 1975 until his retirement in October 2004, all normative retirement ages notwithstanding.

Thank you Louis. That was excellent.

Oct 202010

The pope, Benedict XVI (#266), today, October 20, 2010, announced 20, who given that they are under 80, will be named as cardinal-electors at the Saturday, November 20, 2010 cardinal creating consistory.

This is how these 20 were portrayed by the Vatican Information Service: ‘Twenty of the new cardinals, being under the age of eighty, will be electors.’

Well, that is NOT actually the case. For these 20 to be cardinal electors, one of the current cardinal electors has to die prior to the consistory!

That is the issue. Hence, the impression that the pope is playing God.


> Right now we are at 102 electors, i.e., 18 slots short of the 120 cardinal elector limit imposed by Paul VI (#263) and confirmed in clause #33 of John Paul II‘s Universi Dominci Gregis Apostolic Constitution.
Please read << this >> if you need more background on the 120 limit (and issue).

> On November 14, 2010, Jānis Pujats, will turn 80 and cease to be an elector. That gives us 19 slots. Hence, why there was talk of the TOP 19 cardinalabili.

> If a current cardinal elector does NOT die before the consistory we will end up with 121 electors.


Yes, under John Paul II (#265) we have had more than 120; following his February 2001 consistory we had 128 electors and following his October 2003 consistory 135. [That he created 121 at his very first consistory in June 1979 is not true, because one name was in pectore and as such did not count.]

But, that was then and this is now.


Here are the issues as it relates to this pope and this consistory:

1. When announcing his very first consistory on February 27, 2006, this pope, Benedict XVI said:
Do a Google on this announcement and consistory. This statement by the pope was interpreted and reported by most as the pope indicating that he, unlike his esteemed predecessor, will not exceed Paul VI’s 120.

2. In his other two consistories this pope did NOT exceed 120.

3. If a pope is going to exceed the 120, as John Paul II did, then there is little point doing so by just one ESPECIALLY WHEN 6 more slots will open up before Easter 2011. So rather than 121, 126 would have been better.

4. At his last consistory, i.e., November 25, 2007, this pope did the SAME THING … and now we know how and why. Which is WHY this time around it looks unsavory. The November 24,  2007 consistory was announced on October 17, 2007. He named 18 prospective cardinals. That would have resulted in 121 electors. But, Japanese cardinal Stephen Fumio Hamao died, of lung cancer, on November 8, 2007. This ensured that there were only 120 electors after the consistory. We now know, that Cardinal Hamao met privately with Benedict XVI on October 9, 2007 and appraised him of his medical condition! The consistory announcement was made 8 days later and one cannot but assume that the pope factored this in. That is the problem.


All indications are that we have a similar situation, i.e., the pope is aware that there is a very ill cardinal who is likely to be gone before the consistory — thus giving him that one additional slot.

The question: should the pope exploit such a situation?

What happens if there is a miracle? The pope now has 121 cardinal electors …

What about the Church standing on the sanctity of life? Here we are being somewhat callous about the life of a cardinal.

I do not get it.

If we do end up with 120 cardinals after the consistory because a cardinal elector dies prior to that … I would be dismayed.

Yes, there are HUGE problems with this artificial, unnecessary 120 limit and we have at least 4 posts here about ways to deal with it.

But, for the pope to play God …

Not sure.

Anura Guruge

Please also read a comment along these lines, today, on this blog, by my friend Marko B. of Croatia.

Please scroll down for all the RELATED posts on the 24 new cardinals that will be created at the Saturday, November 20, 2010 consistory — Consistory 2010.

Oct 202010

Please scroll down for all the RELATED posts on the 24 new cardinals that will be created at the Saturday, November 20, 2010 consistory — Consistory 2010.

I note, with dismay, that at least one site, that really should know better, has already listed the 24 prelates named today as cardinals.

That is WRONG.

It is also misleading and unsavory.

Those named today are NOT cardinals until they are named at the consistory on Saturday, November 20, 2010.

We have had prospective cardinals die between the announcement and consistory.

Also, a consistory will NOT take place if the pope is unable to perform it. [Since somebody already asked, you can NOT have a consistory of ANY KIND during a sede vacante. A consistory, by definition, requires the presence of a pope. OK?]

Given that we try to be pedantic, we will NOT list those named, as cardinals, until they are NAMED.

OK? Got that?

If you see folks listing those named as cardinals ALREADY, please tell them to cease and desist.

Anura Guruge

Oct 202010

The 20 Electors per  the correct order (that will determine future precedence):

  1. Archbishop Angelo Amato S.D.B., Prefect of the Congregation for the Causes of Saints.
  2. His Beatitude Antonios Naguib, Patriarch of Alexandria of the Copts, Egypt.
  3. Archbishop Robert Sarah, President of the Pontifical Council “Cor Unum”.
  4. Archbishop Francesco Monterisi, Archpriest of the papal basilica of St. Paul’s Outside-the-Walls.
  5. Archbishop Fortunato Baldelli, Penitentiary Major of the Apostolic Penitentiary.
  6. Archbishop Raymond Leo Burke, Prefect of the Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signatura.
  7. Archbishop Kurt Koch, President of the Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity.
  8. Archbishop Paolo Sardi, Vice chamberlain of Holy Roman Church.
  9. Archbishop Mauro Piacenza, Prefect of the Congregation for the Clergy.
  10. Archbishop Velasio De Paolis C.S., President of the Prefecture for the Economic Affairs of the Holy See.
  11. Archbishop Gianfranco Ravasi, President of the Pontifical Council for Culture.
  12. Archbishop Medardo Joseph Mazombwe, Emeritus of Lusaka, Zambia.
  13. Archbishop Raul Eduardo Vela Chiriboga, Emeritus Quito, Ecuador.
  14. Archbishop Laurent Monsengwo Pasinya of Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo.
  15. Archbishop Paolo Romeo of Palermo, Italy.
  16. Archbishop Donald William Wuerl of Washington, U.S.A.
  17. Archbishop Raymundo Damasceno Assis of Aparecida, Brazil.
  18. Archbishop Kazimierz Nycz of Warsaw, Poland.
  19. Archbishop Albert Malcolm Ranjith Patabendige Don of Colombo, Sri Lanka.
  20. Archbishop Reinhard Marx of Munich and Freising, Germany.

The 4 Non-Electors:

  1. Archbishop Jose Manuel Estepa Llaurens, Military ordinary emeritus of Spain.
  2. Bishop Elio Sgreccia, Former president of the Pontifical Academy for Life.
  3. Msgr. Walter Brandmuller, Former president of the Pontifical Committee for Historical Sciences.
  4. Msgr. Domenico Bartolucci, Former director of the Pontifical Choir.

20 electors will be ONE MORE than the 120 limit specified by Paul VI (#263) — a limit that Benedict XVI (#266), when announcing his first consistory in February 2006, he implied he intended to withhold. This could indicate that one of the current cardinal electors is very ill and is not expected to around by November 20, 2010.

Consistory 2010 Central.

More later, today.

Thanks, Anura Guruge

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