by Anura Guruge
Statistical analysis of the 24 cardinal designates named on October 20 for the November 20, 2010 consistory.
The trivia on the 24 named on October 20 for the November 20, 2010 cardinal creating consistory.
Consistory Central for the November 20, 2010 consistory.
As of April 15, 1962, per John XXIII’s (#262) Cum gravissima motu proprio, all cardinals are required to be consecrated as bishops, unless an explicit exception is granted by the pope, typically on the grounds of advanced age; i.e., approaching or over 80.
This requirement for episcopal consecration is now embodied in Canon 351 §1 of the 1983 Code of Canon Law.
Since this requirement went into effect, as of 1962, about eleven cardinals were granted exceptions. Of these, American Cardinal Deacon Avery Dulles, a Jesuit, created in 2001, who died on December 12, 2008, age 90, probably been the best known. Czechoslovakian Cardinal Tomáš Špidlík, another Jesuit, who died on April 16, 2010, also at 90 was another. He was created a cardinal deacon in 2003. For complete list please click << here >>.
The current cardinals who are not bishops are:
1. Italian Cardinal Deacon Roberto Tucci (89 years old), a Jesuit, a one time Director General of Radio Vatican, created on February 21, 2001, two months ahead of his 8oth birthday.
2. French Cardinal Deacon Albert Vanhoye, (87 years old) a Jesuit and academic, created on March 24, 2006, at the age of 82.
3. Spanish Cardinal Deacon Urbano Navarrete Cortés, (90 years old) also another Jesuit and academic, created on November 24, 2007, at the age of 87.
Two of those named on October 20, to be created on November 20, 2010, as cardinals were not bishops, viz. the German Walter Branmüller (81), President Emeritus of the Pontifical Committee for Historical Sciences and Domenico Bartolucci (93), Maestro Emeritus of the Cappella Musicale Pontificia Sistina.
Today, it was announced that Walter Branmüller will be consecrated a bishop on Saturday, November 13, 2010 (exactly a week ahead of the consistory), in Rome’s S. Maria dell’Anima by 77 year old, Salesian Cardinal Raffaele Farina, Archivist and Librarian of the Holy Roman Church as of June 25, 2007. [Farina has not been a bishop for long, having only been consecrated in December 2006, when 73, eleven months prior to being created a cardinal deacon.] There is a very slight touch of incongruity about the logistics of this consecration. Given that he is a cardinal presumptive and a compatriot, one would have thought that the pope would have consecrated him, personally, at St. Peter’s. The important thing, however, is that he will be a bishop prior to the consistory.
So that leaves the elderly and rather conservative Domenico Bartolucci as the only one of the 24 new cardinals that will not be a bishop.