Oct 292010
 

by Anura Guruge

Statistical analysis of the 24 cardinal designates named on October 20 for the November 20, 2010 consistory.
The trivia on the 24 named on October 20 for the November 20, 2010 cardinal creating consistory.
Consistory Central for the November 20, 2010 consistory.


Domenico Bartolucci

Domenico Bartolucci: click for YouTube Video

As of April 15, 1962, per John XXIII’s (#262) Cum gravissima motu proprio, all cardinals are required to be consecrated as bishops, unless an explicit exception is granted by the pope, typically on the grounds of advanced age; i.e., approaching or over 80.

This requirement for episcopal consecration is now embodied in Canon 351 §1 of the 1983 Code of Canon Law.

Since this requirement went into effect, as of 1962, about eleven cardinals were granted exceptions. Of these, American Cardinal Deacon Avery Dulles, a Jesuit, created in 2001, who died on December 12, 2008, age 90, probably been the best known. Czechoslovakian Cardinal Tomáš Špidlík, another Jesuit, who died on April 16, 2010, also at 90 was another. He was created a cardinal deacon in 2003. For complete list please click << here >>.

The 4 non-bishop cardinals as of November 20, 2010 consistory

The current cardinals who are not bishops are:

1. Italian Cardinal Deacon Roberto Tucci (89 years old), a Jesuit, a one time Director General of Radio Vatican, created on February 21, 2001, two months ahead of his 8oth birthday.

2. French Cardinal Deacon Albert Vanhoye, (87 years old) a Jesuit and academic, created on March 24, 2006, at the age of 82.

3. Spanish Cardinal Deacon Urbano Navarrete Cortés, (90 years old) also another Jesuit and academic, created on November 24, 2007, at the age of 87.

Two of those named on October 20, to be created on November 20, 2010, as cardinals were not bishops, viz. the German Walter Branmüller (81), President Emeritus of the Pontifical Committee for Historical Sciences and Domenico Bartolucci (93), Maestro Emeritus of the Cappella Musicale Pontificia Sistina.

Walter Brandmuller

Walter Brandmuller

Today, it was announced that Walter Branmüller will be consecrated a bishop on Saturday, November 13, 2010 (exactly a week ahead of the consistory), in Rome’s S. Maria dell’Anima by 77 year old, Salesian Cardinal Raffaele Farina, Archivist and Librarian of the Holy Roman Church as of June 25, 2007. [Farina has not been a bishop for long, having only been consecrated in December 2006, when 73, eleven months prior to being created a cardinal deacon.] There is a very slight touch of incongruity about the logistics of this consecration. Given that he is a cardinal presumptive and a compatriot, one would have thought that the pope would have consecrated him, personally, at St. Peter’s. The important thing, however, is that he will be a bishop prior to the consistory.

So that leaves the elderly and rather conservative Domenico Bartolucci as the only one of the 24 new cardinals that will not be a bishop.

  26 Responses to “Another Non-Bishop Cardinal as of November 20 — Maestro Bartolucci. We Could Have A Total Of 4.”

  1. There were another cardinals who by dispensation were never consecrated bishops – these were the prominent theologians Henri de Lubac (created 1983), Pietro Pavan (created 1985), Yves Congar (created 1994), Aloys Grillmeier (created 1994) and Leo Scheffczyk (created 2001) as well as the first cardinal of Albanian origin Mikel Koliqi (created 1994) who was a simple parish priest.

  2. Thank you. I did say that I had found about 11 since 1962. IF you have the time and inclination to get me the COMPLETE list … at least 11 … maybe more … I would be most grateful … and I will post it here … thanking you.
    Cheers.

  3. There are even thirteen cardinals – the complete list as far as I know is

    1. Henri de Lubac SJ (1896-1991), created February 2, 1983
    2. Pietro Pavan (1903-1994), created May 25, 1985
    3. Paolo Dezza SJ (1901-1999), created June 28, 1991
    4. Mikel Koliqi (1902-1997), created November 26, 1994
    5. Yves Congar OP (1904-1995), created November 26, 1994
    6. Aloys Grillmeier SJ (1910-1998), created November 26, 1994
    7. Roberto Tucci SJ (born 1921), created February 21, 2001
    8. Leo Scheffczyk (1920-2005), created February 21, 2001
    9. Avery Dulles SJ (1918-2008), created February 21, 2001
    10. Tomáš Špidlík, SJ (1919-2010), created October 21, 2003
    11. Albert Vanhoye SJ (born 1923), created March 24, 2006
    12. Urbano Navarrete Cortés SJ (born 1920), created November 24, 2007
    13. Umberto Betti OFM (1922-2009), created November 24, 2007

  4. Thank YOU. This is great. I should also asked this earlier … but not a big. Were they all created cardinal deacons? Just want to make sure.

    I will put this list in the main post … (and I do have your gmx in Austria e-mail) … but do you have a ‘better’ name than just ‘Peter’ … or is that ALL you are comfortable with. NO PROBLEM, either way.

    IF you are going to go back and check these 13 names … to see if they were Cardinal Deacons … one other item that would be GREAT … their age … at creation … PLEASE.

    Thank YOU. This is great. This will be MUCH appreciated. Thank you, again.
    Anura

  5. It is a discipline of the Jesuits,it seems,to refuse consecration on elevation.Frank Young recounts that Paul VI would not excuse any cardinal-designate from consecration,and therefore de Lubac refused in 1969,with Danielou,who agreed to be consecrated,elevated in his place,and “His hasty choice came to haunt Paul after Danielou’s sudden death,on May 20,1974,from a heart attack,late at night,in lay costume,in a quarter of Paris where it was most unlikely ever to find a cardinal.” I don’t believe any Jesuit since has taken consecration-in-light-of-elevation.Paul VI even obliged the Oratorian Giuilio Bevilacqua to become a titular archbishop,though permitting him to retain his position as pastor of a parish in the Diocese of Brescia.

  6. Interesting. I just bought a book on Jesuits. IF you have more on this theme, please add.

    Hey. This is IMPORTANT. Heard anything about this blog out there TODAY … since 6pm? I went down for family TV at 6pm. Came back at 7:20pm. 4,200 HITS in an hour … 300 visitors from the UK! Book is suddenly #89, for RELIGION, in Amazon UK. Maybe the Queen knighted me for my devoted services to the realm and the telegram got lost. Interesting.

    Thanks. Cheers.

  7. Thank you. You are very helpful. I will work on this … when I come back up … in about 3 hours.

  8. Louis,
    Couple of points here. “most unlikely ever to find a cardinal.” I assume that would be anywhere within 3km of a church or cathedral … right? Did I lose something in translation there. I went to school in Paris for a year. My parents lived there for 18 years in total. My father had a patented Paris by night tour. If we took any young kids, we would tell them that the ladies were scantily clad because they had just come back from a night swim. Maybe the cardinal too had gone for a swim, for his health.
    Consecration on elevation” — appears rather lax terminology from one, usually so pedantic. We definitely have consecrated Jesuits, Jorge Mario Bergoglio for one. And you will agree that being made a bishop is an elevation. So to say “refuse consecration on elevation” is not kosher. I know what you were saying. “Refuse consecration upon offer of creation“. Different thing. Right?
    Cheers.

  9. I was using consecration for being ordained to the episcopate,elevation for being created a cardinal.

  10. Just wanted to clarify since some of our readers might get thrown off track.
    Has always amused me that the US English translation of the 1083 Canon Laws says: ‘Can. 351 §1. The Roman Pontiff freely selects men to be promoted as cardinals, …’
    We all bend over backwards to use ‘create’ whenever, and they use ‘promote’ which is equivalent to your ‘equate’.
    Cheers.

  11. An unnamed expert in cardinals (because he would blush terribly if I attribute this to him) send me this last year:
    ‘The pope never resembles God as much as when he names cardinals because he “creates” something out of nothing.’
    I laughed.
    Cheers.

  12. When the pope makes a Cardinal Priest a Cardinal Bishop,the Italian Vatican bulletin refers to his being promoted in rank.

  13. That does make sense right? He is already a cardinal. Re-create could sound kind of weird. But, first time around … created.
    Cheers.

  14. I am so glad to have to helping us here. This is great stuff. Thank you. I am going to work on your non-bishop cardinal list in a few minutes — and will post it — with all credit to you.
    PLEASE continue to provide us with this type of historical stories. I, for one, love them. They will be much treasured.
    THANK you.
    Anura

  15. Dear Father,
    Do you know anybody at Heiligenkreuz Abbey? Do you visit there? I am looking for some information, PLEASE. There was a ‘frater’ from Sri Lanka there. He actually sang in the famous CHANT CD and his picture is on it. He was having some issues. If you could, not that important, make some inquiries as to whether they still have a frater (as a novice) from Sri Lanka — and he would have been there since about 2005.
    Thank you. All the best.
    Anura

  16. Thank YOU so very much. I too have been to the Web site, but it helps if you can read German, which I don’t.
    Yes, I was aware of the program with Sri Lanka. I went and looked through some of my paperwork. His name is Br. Laurentius. Something happened around the Spring of 2009. I have a feeling he left Austria and went to Spain or Portugal. He just disappeared. Please don’t worry. But, if you could please … maybe send a note in German to the Abbot … and just ask two related questions … what happened to Br. Laurentius and is he ‘OK’? That is all. He was young. Had issues. I am sorry I have bothered you. But, when I saw that you were from Austria I could not resist. Sri Lanka as you know as been so much in the news with our soon to be new cardinal. [Yes, in case you were wondering. About a year ago, I asked the Colombo diocese if they knew what happened to this young man … whose dream was to set up a monastery in SL. [At least from what he said, there was no teaching monastery in SL in 2008-2009]. They didn’t know. Thank you. I am back to working on the list of non-bishop cardinals.
    Thank you. Anura

  17. Bless you, dear father. I will now track him down. Thank you. I am very grateful. Very interesting that our soon to be cardinal figures in this. So this would also explain why last year, they didn’t know.
    This is very good news. I was worried about him.
    I just finished YOUR list. I think you will be very happy.
    Thank you.
    Anura

  18. Dear Father Peter,
    Please check the new posting … THANKS to this list. Very grateful.
    All the best.
    Anura

  19. I’m a Jesuit. At final vows we promise to not seek “ecclesiastical honors” (i.e. bishoprics and cardinalates) in keeping with the charism of order. It was such a big deal to St. Ignatius that he also had us promise to “squeal” on any other Jesuit that was jockeying to be a bishop. And yet, from Ignatius’ own day this was a challenge. He reluctantly allowed a select few at the urging of a Pope. Please note that the vow of obedience for a religious (and Jesuits especially) is fundamental to our identity. Over the years there have been many Jesuit bishops, but only under the explicit urging of a Pope and most – though not all – working in impoverished areas of the world. So there are a few Jesuit archbishops who are created cardinals by virtue of their territorial see. But these non-bishop cardinals, made so as a reward for life well lived, are the “preference” in the Society. They asked to be exempt as a sign of humility and solidarity with their religious order. I think most other religious orders follow a similar rationale when dealing with the issue of ordaining bishops from within their ranks.

    John Paul II was well known among religious for not understanding the charisms of religious. He, more than any other, appointed many, many religious bishops.

  20. Thank YOU. This is a wonderful explanation. Really appreciate you taking the time to share this.
    All the best.
    Anura

  21. (revised)

    I’m a Jesuit. At final vows we promise to not seek “ecclesiastical honors” (i.e. bishoprics and cardinalates) in keeping with the charism of our order. It was such a big deal to St. Ignatius that he also had us promise to “squeal” on any other Jesuit that was jockeying to be a bishop. And yet, from Ignatius’ own day this was a challenge. He reluctantly allowed a select few at the urging of a Pope.

    Please note that the vow of obedience for a religious (and Jesuits especially) is fundamental to our identity. Ordination to the episcopacy nullifies his vow of obedience to his religious superiors. Our final Vows also include a promise to always seek the direction of our General Superior before accepting ordination and his regular council after. I think our curia is usually very much involved when someone is flagged as a candidate for the episcopacy or cardinalate. For example, it deeply pained and embarrassed St. Robert Bellarmine to except these “elevations”, but he did it under absolute obedience to his religious superior and the Pope. He was widely known that Bellarmine maintained as simple of a life as he could in a very decadent time in the Church’s history.

    So over the years there have been many Jesuit bishops, but only under the explicit urging of a Pope and most – though not all – working in impoverished areas of the world. So there are a few Jesuit archbishops who are created cardinals by virtue of their territorial see. But these non-bishop cardinals, made so as a reward for life well lived, are the “preference” in the Society. They asked to be exempt as a sign of humility and solidarity with their religious order. I think most other religious orders follow a similar rationale when dealing with the issue of ordaining bishops from within their ranks.

    John Paul II was well known among religious for not understanding the charisms of religious. He, more than any other, appointed many, many religious bishops.

  22. Dear Father,
    Saw that. But, I keep on waiting for one under 80 to pass away!
    Yes, I now have to update all my tables.
    Father, are you going to be DIPLOMATIC and not comment on the pope’s statements about his infallibility or the related issue of condoms.
    I KNOW that you are well qualified to address the infallibility issue — in particular, has this pope made any infallible statements … and if he hasn’t …. why does he talk about inability to CONTINUE making them?
    Is this old age? My father is roughly the same age, and has ‘Senior Moments,’ as it is fondly referred to in this country.
    Thank YOU. Always makes me smile when I see comments by you.
    Anura

  23. Dear Father,
    As EVER fascinating. You are such a valuable font of knowledge. The year 2000, JP II ‘dogma’ story makes a LOT of sense. I did not know it. Thank you for sharing.
    As I said in a prior comment, condoms per se, doesn’t interest me that much. My interest lie in his views of HIS INFALLIBILITY, prostitution and gigolos as it relates to this matter.
    I see in the English news that we will also see a flap about Pius XII realted comments. Here we go again.
    I know that YOU will have an advantage over all of us — in that YOU can read it in German. [You are fluent in German … right?] Will you be getting the book? Would you like ME to order a book for YOU. [I know that money is tight for ‘luxuries’ when you are a priest.] I assume I can order it from Amazon UK and have it shipped to you.
    I do not plan to read it! I am not into reading turgid prose. Just don’t have the patience. So I am going to rely on all of you to interpret the words for me.
    P.S., Did you see that I updated your list of post-1962 non-bishop cardinals today?
    Thank you, again. All the best.
    Anura

  24. Dear Father,
    Austria needs to RISE UP against the might of Amazon.
    I just went to check shipping. No SuperSaver Free shipping to Austria! Here is the list.
    They have Liechtenstein, Andorra (which I have visited) and Vatican City. Even San Marino. What did Austria do to upset Amazon?
    All the best.
    Anura

  25. I would think so.
    Lets face it, Clement XIV (#250), in 1773, suppressed the entire order of Jesuits. So, if a pope can do that, you would think he can force the Superior-General to resign … BUT, I doubt a pope will ever go to such extremes. Would be seen as very drastic. I think most are cool with the current ‘compromise’. Thanks.

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