by Dr. Marko B. of Croatia (with background annotations by Anura Guruge).
Regular readers of this blog will be very familiar with ‘Marko B.’ — who is also the author of this Nov. 12, 2010 essay.
If you are not familiar with the precedence rules for the College of Cardinals and jus optionis please read this May 30, 2010 post (which just happens to mention Cardinal Sepe’s scenario as an example — as if anticipating this issue). On February 21, 2011 we will have 6 cardinal deacons eligible for jus optionis promotion to the order of cardinal priests. So this issue raised by Marko is extremely germane and timely. There will be a separate post on the 6 preferment-eligible cardinal deacons later this week.
I recently looked at Salvador Miranda’s precedence list [The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church] of cardinals: http://www2.fiu.edu/~mirandas/orders.htm.
Then I realized that the list is wrong, at least as far as I know, considering Cardinal Crescenzio Sepe.
As far as I know, when a cardinal deacon is promoted to the order of priests, the precedence list is formed according to the consistory sheet list, as the cardinal were always a member of the order of priests. [Anura: This is indeed the case per 1983 Canon Law 350 § 6, THOUGH interestingly there is no mention of Sepe’s scenario per se, i.e., a deacon promoted not per ‘his choice after 10 years’ but at the pleasure of the Pontiff.]
In my opinion, Sepe should be placed between Pujats and Dias, not between Honore and Scola. Agostino Vallini, also promoted to the order of priests is placed exactly where he should be: in front of Urosa Savino.
And it seems to me that Salvador thinks my opinion is correct, but Annuario Pontificio 2010 says otherwise. [Anura: Annuario Pontificio 2010 is NOT an official Vatican publication and as far as I know there has never been a papal edict granting the Annuario infallibility.]
The error concerns cardinal Crescenzio Sepe. According to his biographical data (http://www2.fiu.edu/~mirandas/bios-s.htm#Sepe), he was created cardinal on February 21, 2001 (http://www2.fiu.edu/~mirandas/consistories-xx.htm#JohnPaulII).
The was listed as the 7th of the 42 created cardinals and was created cardinal deacon. However, he was automatically elevated to cardinal priest, with his deaconry being elevated pro hac vice to title, when he was transferred to the metropolitan see of Naples.
Here I see an error int he precedence list: you situated cardinal Sepe between Jean Honoré (2001, #41) and Angelo Scola (2003, #8), which would make Sepe the „youngest“ cardinal priest (at present) of the 2001 consistory. But cardinals Sepe is at present the ‘most senior’ of all cardinal priests created in 2001, and he should be placed between Pujats (1998, #22) and Dias (2001, #14).
As for other 13 cardinals created in 2001 and listed before Dias:
1. Giovanni Battista Re, created cardinal priest –> Cardinal BISHOP.
2. François Xavier Nguyên Van Thuân, DECEASED.
3. Agostino Cacciavillan, still DEACON (currectly the PROTODEACON).
4. Sergio Sebastiani, still DEACON.
5. Zenon Grocholewski, still DEACON.
6. José Saraiva Martins, C.M.F., created cardinal deacon –> Cardinal BISHOP.
7. Crescenzio Sepe, created c. deacon –> C. PRIEST.
8. Jorge María Mejía, still DEACON.
9. Ignace Moussa I Daoud, PATRIARCH.
10. Mario Francesco Pompedda, DECEASED.
11. A German cardinal who is still a DEACON.
12. Johannes Joachim Degenhardt, DECEASED
13. Antonio José González Zumárraga, DECEASED.
14. Ivan Dias, archbishop of Bombay, created C. PRIEST.
which means that Pujats is followed by Sepe, and then Sepe by Dias.
Gcatholic.com, http://www.gcatholic.com/hierarchy/cardinals-alive-precedence.htm, does have the precedence in the right order.