by Anura Guruge
Analysis of the 24 who will be created cardinals at the November 20, 2010 consistory.
At the November 20, 2010 consistory, Patriarch Antoniois Naguib (75), of Egypt, Patriarch of Alexandria of the Copts, will be created an Oriental Rites Cardinal Bishop. He will become the 4th such cardinal bishop alive, but the only one young enough to be a cardinal elector.
[The other three living Oriental Rites Cardinal Bishops are Nasrallah Boutros Sfeir (dob: May 15, 1920, created 1994), Ignace Moussa I Daoud(dob: Sep. 18, 1930, created 2001) and Emmanuel III Delly (dob: Oct. 6, 1927, created 2007). Cardinal Daoud is Prefect Emeritus of the Congregation for the Oriental Churches.]
In 1965 Paul VI (#263) deemed via a motu proprio, Ad Purpuratorum Patrum, that any Oriental Rites Patriarchs made cardinals will not be assigned a Roman title and instead would continue to be associated with their original patriarchal sees. They would, however, always be classed as Cardinal Bishops and vis-à-vis seniority within the College be ranked immediately below those with title to the suburbicarian sees. This ruling is still in effect. At that juncture, in 1965, Cardinal Ignace Gabriel I Tappouni, who had been created a cardinal priest by Pius XII (#261) thirty years earlier relinquished his title, viz. SS. XII Apostoli, and became the first in the genre of Oriental Rites Cardinal Bishops.
A list of those who have been Oriental Rites Cardinal Bishops, with a short potted history, can be found at my friend, Salvador Miranda’s splendid ‘Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church‘ at the very end of this page. [Read the entry for Maximos IV Saigh, who it appears was not happy to be created a cardinal.]
Priests in the Oriental Rites churches can be married.
So I got thinking whether there has ever been an Oriental Rites Cardinal Bishop who was married.
But, rather than doing exhaustive research on my own, as is my usual wont, I decided to take a short-cut because I am really strapped for time these days. [Yes, I put up the shelves for my wife, about 3 hours ago. She is busy stacking them with her sewing materials and fabric.]
So, I asked Salvador. As ever, Salvador indulged me, with his usual courtesy and promptness. No, there has never been a married Oriental Rites Cardinal Bishop per Salvador.
This is exactly what Salvador had to say:
“Marriage of priests in the Oriental Churches in communion with Rome has to take place before their priestly ordination; and if they become widowers, they cannot get married again. Bishops are chosen only from the celibate clergy therefore we have never had a married Oriental rite cardinal. Hope this answers your question.”
Thank YOU, Salvador.